05 Num 10b-14 – To the Border of the Promised LandLeviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy - Life in the Desert
All written materials for this series will be posted on this website, http://servingandsharing.com/, under the category, “Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy – Life in the Desert.” Here is my video presentation introducing this series – https://youtu.be/Lynx51p0tJA.
Watch this specific class presentation here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tKKB1uvyHFM. The entire series will be added to this playlist as they are recorded: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tKKB1uvyHFM&list=PL7JRppjEn33bCHyqZFRQ2JDiJnGRnOYyR. Please use the “Contact” button to request corresponding handouts and outlines.
Please forward this post to anyone that you think would benefit from this study and invite others to subscribe.
Numbers 10-14 document the events leading up to the great rebellion and the divine sentence it incurred. Numbers 15-21 narrate the story of the “lost generation,” give miscellaneous laws and regulations, and then trace the resumed journey to Moab.
Broad Outline of Numbers: Three Stages
Sinai: Preparation to Enter Land
Time: 20 days (Cf. 1:1; 10:11)
From Sinai to Moab: Failure to Enter Land
Time: 38 years, 3 months, 10 days
Plains of Moab: Preparation #2 to Enter Land
Time: c. 5 months
10:1-10 The Silver Trumpets (end of last class)
10:11-12:16 Marching from Sinai to Kadesh
10:11-28 Israel’s Departure from Sinai
In the exact order God had specified. Good start!
10:29-32 Request to Hobab to Accompany Israel
Moses’ bro-in-law. “Do you good.” “Be our eyes.”
10:33-36 The First Three Days
Ark – God’s leadership (in battle) and protection.
From salvation to obedience to complaining to unbelief to rebellion to judgment. Why? How?
11:1-3 Complaint of Adversity. Fire – Taberah.
11:4-9 Complaint re: Meat. Tired of this manna!
How accurate are their memories of Egypt?
11:10-15 Moses’ Entreaty: “Too Much for Me!”
How does Moses react to this situation and why?
Why do leaders burn out?
How can followers and leaders prevent burnout?
11:16-30 God’s Two-Part Reply to Moses’ Plea
- 70 elders to share burden. 2. Abundant meat.
Moses’ objection: 600,000 (soldiers) on foot!
Note Joshua’s reaction and Moses’ reply to him.
11:31-35 Blessing of Quail; Curse of Greed
Small partridge. Piled 3 feet high on the ground.
Least: 10 homers = 60 bushels or 2,200 liters.
What is the cause of greed? What is its cure?
Kibroth Hattaavah = “graves of greediness.”
12:1-3 Miriam’s and Aaron’s Criticism of Moses
Was it really about Moses’ wife? Explain.
12:4-10 Yahweh’s Answer; Miriam’s Leprosy
What makes Moses’ attitude and role unique?
How does God treat insubordination and rivalry?
12:11-13 Aaron’s Plea; Moses’ Intercession
Aaron: 6 mos. older. Moses: leader as intercessor.
12:14-16 Miriam’s Healing and “Time Out”
Forgiveness, yet consequences. Why?
13:1-19:22 Forty Years Near Kadesh
13:1-14:45 Spies’ Mission, National Rebellion
13:1-16 God’s Command; Choice of Spies
Why send spies? Why “chiefs?” Opinion leaders.
Note: “Hoshea” >> “Joshua.” Meaning?
13:17-20 Moses’ Instructions to the Spies
13:21-25 Spies’ Expedition
“Eshcol” = cluster (of grapes). Visual proof.
Place names often given after, because of event.
13:26-29 Ten Spies’ Pessimistic Report
Fruitful land yes. But strong people. Large, fortified cities. Anakim (lit. long-necks = tall) and Nephilim (13:33), mighty men of renown (Gen 6:4) (lit. fallen ones). KJV and NKJV – “giants.”
13:30-33 People’s Rejection of Caleb’s Counsel
What does Caleb see / believe that they do not?
What risk would they actually be taking?
When does risk express faith, and when … folly?
The Spies’ Journey
For 40 days the spies traveled throughout Canaan, from the Negeb (south country) to Rehob and back again—a distance of over 500 miles.
14:1-4 The People’s Rebellious Reaction
“Oh to die in – or return to – Egypt!” Why?
14:5-9 Joshua’s and Caleb’s Plea
“If Yahweh delights in us … Do not rebel or fear!”
“They are our bread, their protection removed.”
14:10-12 People’s Response; God’s Threat
Why does Yahweh get “put out” with His people?
What does He intend to do? Cf. Ex 32:10.
14:13-19 Moses’ Plea for Forgiveness – Again
Based on God’s reputation, promises, and grace.
14:20-35 God’s Pardon and Penalty
Does forgiveness cancel all consequences?
40 days of spying > 40 years of wandering.
20 years old and upward, who have grumbled.
Children suffer consequences, but not guilt.
Idea of an “age of accountability.”
14:36-38 Death of the Faithless Spies
These “chiefs,” driven by fear, not faith, all died.
Leaders – immediate, stricter judgment. Why?
14:39-45 Failed Attempt at Conquest
Penitent people: “We will go up!” Good, right?
What is the sin of presumption?
Hormah: “utter defeat.” From Heb., haram, “to destroy utterly.”
Another place named after and because of the event that took place there.